NEW YORK, USA – UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief Ahmed Shaheed reported his findings on the growth of the anti-Semitism to the general assembly on Friday, in New York and advised that: “Anti-Semitism is the canary in the coalmine of global hatred.” He continued: “To counter anti-Semitism, which is “toxic to democracy” and poses “a threat to all societies if left unaddressed”, countries must invest more in education”.
Shaheed noted that anti-Semitism is rising amongst groups associated with both the political right and left: “I am alarmed by the growing use of anti-Semitic tropes by white supremacists, including neo-Nazis and members of radical Islamist groups, in slogans, images, stereotypes and conspiracy theories to incite and justify hostility, discrimination, and violence against Jews. I am also concerned about the increasing expressions of anti-Semitism emanating from sources in the political left and about discriminatory State practices towards Jews.”
In his report, the Special Rapporteur described the Holocaust against the Jews during the Second World War, as a graphic example of the way that religious and racial hatred can lead to genocide and the destruction of societies.
Nevertheless, an increase in anti-Semitism incidents is being reported internationally including violence, discrimination, and expressions of hostility and the problem is being boosted by the internet, with online anti-Semitic hate speech prevalent.
Invest in education
Shaheed described anti-Semitism as the “canary in the coalmine of global hatred”, which presents serious challenges to the elimination of all forms of intolerance, hatred, and discrimination based on religion or belief, and poses risks to members of minorities everywhere, as well as to Jews. Shaheed urged countries to invest in education and training, at all levels, to enable a better understanding of anti-Semitism: “education is a key factor in addressing issues and preventing future incidences of hate” and insisted on the importance of engaging with the younger generation, to ensure that they reject anti-Semitism. A global coalition is needed, he continued, to speak out against anti-Semitism, and education is a vital tool to achieve this end.
Enforce laws, empower citizens
The problem, he pointed out, is a human rights issue, that affects a whole range of rights, including the right to life. It is also widespread, coming from all sectors of society, including world leaders and heads of state, a phenomenon Shaheed described as “very serious”.
The Special Rapporteur called for anti-Semitism to be placed within a wider human rights framework, in which citizens are empowered with the requisite critical thinking, empathy, and literacy to withstand and reject extremist ideologies, including anti-Semitic propaganda.
States must also make incitement to discrimination, hostility, or violence based on religion or belief, including against Jews, illegal, added Shaheed, and ensure that these laws are enforced. Besides, members of civil society have a role to play, recommending inter-faith networks aimed at advancing social cohesion.
Shaheed said that he is heartened by the growing investment by states in tackling anti-Semitism; whilst the world has been struggling to tackle online hate, some technical solutions are emerging as potential answers, and States are now better equipped to deal with the problem.
“There is a growing recognition that hatred undermines all societies and a growing awareness that we need to act. And this is the first towards us getting it right”, the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief said.